Vitamin A, a fat-soluble vitamin, is involved in the
formation and maintenance of the healthy skin, hair
and mucous membranes. Vitamin A helps us to see in
dim light and is necessary for proper bone growth,
tooth development, and reproduction. This vitamin
plays a really big part in eyesight. It’s great
for right vision, like when you’re tick-or-treating
on Halloween. Vitamin A helps you see in color, too,
from the brightest yellow to the darkest purple. In
addition, it helps you grow properly and aids in healthy
Vitamin B1 is needed to process carbohydrates, fat,
and protein. Every cell of the body requires vitamin
B1 to form the fuel the body runs on – ATP.
Nerve cells require vitamin B1 in order to function
normally. Vitamin B1 (thiamine) assists in blood formation,
carbohydrate metabolism, and the production of hydrochloric
acid, which is important for proper digestion. Vitamin
B1 (thiamine) also enhances circulation and optimizes
cognitive activity and brain function. Vitamin B1
(thiamine) has a positive effect on energy, growth,
normal appetite, and learning capacity, and is needed
for muscle tone of the intestines, stomach, and heart.
Vitamin B1 acts as an antioxidant, protecting the
body from generative effects of aging, alcohol consumption,
and smoking. May improve dextrose tolerance and retard
arterial blockages, especially in diabetics.
Vitamin B2 helps in growth, skin, nails, hair, sensitive
lips and tongue, eyesight, the breakdown of protein,
fat and carbohydrate. Vitamin B2 (riboflavin) is essential
for the metabolism of carbohydrates (to produce energy)
and amino acids. It also helps keep mucous membranes
(such as those lining the mouth) healthy. Nervous
system, digestion, muscles, heart, alcohol-damaged
nerve tissues. Vitamin B2 helps break down carbohydrates,
fats and protein for use by the body. Its role in
maintaining an energy supply for the body is crucial,
for it helps convert carbohydrates into adenosine
triphosphate (ATP), a compound needed to store energy
in muscles. Skin, muscle, nerve, heart and eye health,
including inhibiting the development of cataracts.
Production of red blood cells and antibodies. Absorption
or activation of iron, folic acid and Vitamins B1,
B3 and B6. Conversion of tryptophan, an amino acid,
into niacin. Production of hormones by the adrenal
glands. Maintenance of the mucous membranes in the
digestive system with the help of vitamin A.
The Vitamin B6 group is especially important to the
function of the central nervous system, skin, and
blood. Vitamin B6 is involved in the formation of
red blood cells since pyridoxal phosphate is the rate-limiting
substance in making heme, a component of hemoglobin,
the key oxygen-carrying pigment in red blood cells.
Vitamin B6 is a water-soluble vitamin that exists
in three major chemical forms: pyridoxine, pyridoxal,
and pyridoxamine. It performs a wide variety of functions
in your body and is essential for your good health.
For example, vitamin B6 is needed for more than 100
enzymes involved in protein metabolism. It is also
essential for red blood cell metabolism. The nervous
and immune systems need vitamin B6 to function efficiently,
and it is also needed for the conversion of tryptophan
(an amino acid) to niacin (a vitamin).
Vitamin B12’s primary functions are in the formation
of red blood cells and the maintenance of a healthy
nervous system. It is necessary for the rapid synthesis
of DNA during cell division. This is especially important
in tissues where cells are dividing rapidly, particularly
the bone marrow tissues responsible for red blood
cell information. If B12 deficiency occurs, DNA production
is disrupted and abnormal cells called megaloblasts
occur. This results in anaemia. Symptoms include excessive
tiredness, breathlessness, listlessness, pallor and
poor resistance to infection. Other symptoms can include
a smooth, sore tongue and menstrual disorders. B12
is also important in maintaining the nervous system.
Nerves are surrounded by an insulating fatty sheath
comprised of a complex protein called myelin. B12
plays a vital role in the metabolism of fatty acids
essential for the maintenance of myelin. Prolonged
B12 deficiency can lead to nerve degeneration and
irreversible neurological damage.